FDE bypass and EoP on domain joined Windows workstations | The Missing Link

Discovered by Matthew Johnson on behalf of The Missing Link Security

Vulnerability Details

The attack allows an attacker with physical access to a locked domain-joined workstation to abuse default functionality to capture credential material and ultimately break into the device. By default, domain-joined Windows workstations allow access to the network selection UI from the lock screen.

An attacker with physical access to a locked device with WiFI capabilities (such as a laptop or a workstation) can abuse this functionality to force the laptop to authenticate against a rogue access point and capture credential material for the domain computer account.

This captured data can then be submitted to the online cracking service "" to recover the hash of the computer account in less than 24 hours.

Once recovered, this hash combined with the domain SID can be used to forge Kerberos silver tickets to impersonate a privileged user and compromise the host. The example provided in the attack involves the creation of a Kerberos "silver ticket" that is used to access the CIFS service of the laptop. This can then be used to authenticate the laptop using SMB and gain unrestricted access to the hard disk.

As the attack can be performed from a locked device, it can be utilised to bypass BitLocker full disk encryption and gain access to the devices file system.

In addition, as "silver tickets" can be forged for privileged users, this attack can also be leveraged to elevate privileges to that of the local administrator on the device, resulting in local privilege escalation.

Affected Versions

The vulnerability was confirmed to be present on domain joined Windows 10 hosts.

Older versions of Windows may also be affected but have not been tested.

Fixed Versions

The issue has been addressed in the KB5001340: Apr 2021 Security Update

The Missing Link recommends immediate update to the latest version of Windows.

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